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Barbados General Information
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Barbados Geography


Situated about 320 km (200 mi) north-northeast of Trinidad and about 160 km (100 mi) east-southeast of St. Lucia, Barbados is the most easterly of the Caribbean islands. The island is 34 km (21 mi) long north to south, and 23 km (14 mi) wide east to west, with an area of 430 sq km (166 sq mi) and a total coastline of 97 km (60 mi). Comparatively, Barbados occupies slightly less than 2.5 times the area of Washington, DC.

The capital city of Barbados, Bridgetown, is located on the country's southwestern coast.

The coast is almost entirely encircled with coral reefs. The only natural harbour is Carlisle Bay on the southwest coast. The land rises to 336 m (1,102 ft) at Mt. Hillaby in the parish of St. Andrew. In most other areas, the land falls in a series of terraces to a coastal strip or wide flat area.

The tropical climate is tempered by an almost constant sea breeze from the northeast in the winter and early spring, and from the southeast during the rest of the year. Temperatures range from 21° to 30°C (70 to 86°F). Annual rainfall ranges from about 100 cm (40 in) in some coastal districts to 230 cm (90 in) in the central ridge area. There is a wet season from June to December, but rain falls periodically throughout the year.

Barbados is often spared the worst effects of the region's tropical storms and hurricanes during the rainy season as its far eastern location in the Atlantic Ocean puts it just outside the principal hurricane strike zone. On average a hurricane may strike about once every 26 years. The last significant hit from a hurricane to cause severe damage to Barbados was Hurricane Janet in 1955.


Location :
Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates :
13 10 N, 59 32 W

Map references :
Central America and the Caribbean

Area :
total: 430 sq km
land: 430 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries :
0 km

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